Jackson Family Genealogy
Table of Contents
Conflicting Data Index

Stephen Jackson
of
Anson Co., North Carolina and Early Craven Co., Cheraw District and
Chesterfield Co., South Carolina

by Bob Mitchell

The following record excerpts cover almost 100 years.  Presented are record excerpts that name Stephen Jackson and other affiliated individuals.  There could be as many as four different Stephen Jacksons represented or there could only be three.  All excerpts name simply Stephen Jackson except for a few that name Stephen Jackson, Jr.  The task at hand is to separate the various Stephen Jacksons of the area to attempt determine; (1) Stephen Jackson, father of Henry Andrew Jackson and grandfather of COL Stephen Jackson, (2) Identify Killing Stephen Jackson, (3) Determine if Stephen Jackson, Jr. is related to either of the named Jackson families as outlined by Bernette Burch (The Burch Family) and (4) Determine if one of these Stephen Jacksons is the brother of Benjamin Jackson originally of Hempstead, New York.

Many folks initially thought all of these men were related, but recent yDNA results revealed that two descendants of COL Stephen Jackson named as a grandson of one of the Stephen Jacksons by Bernette Burch in his book Burch Family, did not match the descendants of CPT Benjamin Jackson, Deputy Surveyor General of South Carolina. Until this revelation, Benjamin was thought to be a brother to one of these Stephen Jacksons.  According to Mary Powell Bunker in her Genealogies of Long Island, James Jackson and Rebecca Hallett of Hempstead, New York had, among their 21 children, a Benjamin Jackson, born 1719 and a Stephen Jackson, born 1717.  Family oral histories say both Benjamin and Stephen migrated from New York, probably through Virginia to the frontier area of North Carolina.  Due to this thinking, it has been a widely held notion among many Jackson researchers that Benjamin and Stephen Jackson named in some of the very early record excerpts presented below were these men.  This notion may be called into question with the new yDNA information from descendants of COL Stephen Jackson.  

The next few records are from Edgecombe Co., North Carolina, a county that was established before Anson Co. and an area that was somewhat of a staging or stop over point for settlers who intended to migrate further south and west.  These records may or may not be one of the Stephen Jacksons who eventually settled on the Pee Dee River on or near Thompsons Creek in what is now Chesterfield Co., South Carolina.

Record (1) places a Stephen Jackson in Edgecombe Co., North Carolina in 1744.

(1) 1744:  John Philips of Edgecombe County to Thomas Boatright of Edgecombe County, 8 pounds 6 shillings 8 pence current money of Virginia, 250 acres on the main run of Elk marsh all houses, out houses, buildings, stables, etc. part of a patent to Edward Poor,  4 Aug 1741. Wit: Philip Hurst, Stephen Jackson, Reg. Edgecombe County, Feb. Court. 1744  R. Forster C. Ct.

Record (2) shows Stephen and Benjamin Jackson, jointly purchasing property in Edgecombe, Co., North Carolina.

(2) 1744,  Captain Joseph Lane of Edgecombe County to Stephen Jackson and Benjamin Jackson, 3 Apr 1744; 50 pounds current money of Virginia, 280 acres more or less on the east side of Beech Swamp.  Wit: J. Edwards, Robert Warren.  Registered, Edgecombe County,  Aug Court 1744.  R. Forster County Court.

(3) 5 Oct 1747, Will of Christian Lane, Edgecombe Co., May Court.  Daughters: Sarah and Mary Lane, Son: Abraham.  Executor: Abraham Hill. Witness: Stephen Jackson, Sarah Hill.  Clerk of Court, Benjamin Wynns.  (Abstracts of NC Wills 1663-1760, Pg 207)

Record (4) shows Benjamin Jackson buying land in newly formed Anson Co., the next month on record (5) Stephen and Benjamin Jackson sell the same 280 acres in Edgecombe Co., North Carolina that they bought in 1744.

(4) 30 Apr 1749, North Carolina Land Grants, No. 335 - 30 Sep 1749. Gabriel Johnston, governor of North Carolina, to Benjamin Jackson, 200 acres in Anson County, on the south [west] side of Pee Dee and on both sides of Thompsons Creek.

(5) May 1749, Stephen Jackson and Benjamin Jackson of Edgecombe County to William Goodwin, 19 Nov 1748, 40 pounds current money of Virginia, 280 acres on the east side of Beech swamp, joining Miery branch and the swamp.  Wit: Thomas Davis, Samuel Brown X his mark.  Registered, Edgecombe Co. May Court 1749.  Benjamin Wynns Clerk of Court.

Record (6) shows a Stephen Jackson buying land in Craven County.

(6) 28 Jul 1751, Deed Book B, Page 189, Anson Co., NC, Abram Paul of Craven Co., SC, Planter to Stephen Jackson of Anson Co., Planter, for £50, Virginia Money, 200 acres, south side of Thompson's Creek.  Wit: William Rushing, Benjamin Jackson (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk B, Pg 189)

(7) 9 Oct 1752, Will of Abraham Paul, Craven Co. NC. Executors are Benjamin Jackson and Stephen Jackson, June 13, 1751.  Will probated Oct. 9, 1752.  (North Carolina Abstracts of Wills 1740-1760 by Caroline Moore.

(8) 24 Oct 1757, Wm Rushing of Anson, planter, to Jacob Carter, of same, planter, 50A in Anson Co. . . Wm Rushing (seal). Wit: John Pickens, Stephen Jackson. (Anson Co., NC, Deed Book Vol 5, pg 103)

Record (9) is the first found that shows Stephen Jackson buying land or receiving a Grant on the Pee Dee River in either Anson or Craven County.

(9) 1759, North Carolina Land Grants, No. 1388, 6 Mar 1759, South West Pee Dee, to Stephen Jackson.

(10) 1762, Minutes of the North Carolina Governor's Council; North Carolina. Council December 04, 1762 - December 31, 1762; Volume 06, Pages 772-799.  Ordered that a Commission of the Peace and Dedimus issued to William Phillips, Charles Robinson, John Colson, Anthony Hutchins, John Hamer, Morgan Brown, James Hutchins, Alexander Gordon Thomas Hugh, John Crawford, Cornelius Robinson, Joseph Atteway, Stephen Jackson for the County of Anson.
( http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/document/csr06-0248#p6-799)

(11) 1762, Acts of the North Carolina General Assembly, 1762; North Carolina. General Assembly; November 03, 1762 - December 11, 1762; Volume 23, Page 590: "VII. And be it further Enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That Anthony Hutchins, Stephen Jackson, Walter Gibson, James Hutchins, and Samuel French the Survivors or Survivor of them, be, and hereby appointed Commissioners, and impowered and directed to agree and contract with Workmen for erecting and building a Court-House, Prison and Stocks, for the Use of the said County of Anson"
(http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/document/csr23-0043#p23-590)

(12) 30 Jul 1763, Terrance Kerrell of Anson, to Thomas Lee of same, 10 pounds Proclamation Money…land on NE side PD, S side Naked Creek, 87a…Terrance Kerrell “T” (seal), Wit: Stephen Jackson, William Phillips.  [This land is now is SC.]  (Anson Co., NC Deed Abstracts, 1749-1766 Abstracts of Wills and Estates 1749-1795, Vol 3, P 153)

(13) 1763, Anson County, NC, List of Taxables for the year 1763.  Stephen Jackson.  [Other Jackson males in this list were Benjamin Jackson, John Jackson and John Jackson, Jr.]

(14) 1768, Will of John Jackson in Anson County N. C. ...daughters Elizabeth, Mary, Sarah and Rebecca, each 5 Sh., my lands and all my movable estate to be sold to the best advantage and the money to be paid as follows: to Daughters Phebe, Jemimah and Hannah to have it equally divided between them. Stephen Jackson and John Perkins, exrs. 15 April 1768 Wit. Job Meadow, John May, Charles Booth Executed 1772, Anson Co., NC (North Carolina Wills, Book J, Page 8)

(15) 1769, Regulators Petition, dtd 9 Oct 1769, Presented to the Colonial Assembly of King Charles for the Colony of North Carolina. Seeking tax relief, oppression, a bill of rights and other freedoms. Source: "Colonial Records", Vol. VIII, 1769-1771, pp. 81-82 and pp. 241-244, by Saunders; also: "North Carolina History Told By Contemporaries," pp.87-93, by Lefler; also: "The War of The Regulators and The Battle of Alamance", May 16, 1771, by William S. Powell.   Signed by Stephen Jackson, John Jackson, Jason Meadow, Sr., Jason Meadow, Jr., Joseph White, John Thompson and other residents of Anson Co., North Carolina.   (History of the Old Cheraws, Bishop Alexander Gregg, The State Company, Columbia, SC, 1905(Also:  Petition from inhabitants of Anson County concerning taxes and fees for public officials; Snor, John; Et Al.; October 09, 1769; Volume 08, Pages 75-80)
http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/document/csr08-0060#p8-80

(16) 1771, The boundary between North Carolina and South Carolina was not well established until the border survey of 1764.  Before that, Anson County, North Carolina, which was formed about 1749, had an indeterminate southern boundary and included all or parts of many modern South Carolina counties, including Marlboro, Chesterfield and others.  Disputes and confusion concerning the border between North and South Carolina continued, and a new border survey was made in 1772.

(17) 10 Jul 1771, Stephen Jackson to Thomas Curtas, deed proved by Wm. Hamer.  (Anson Co. Court Minutes 1771- 1775, 10 July 1771)

(18) Oct 1771, Trial of King vs.Wm. Doster, Stephen Jackson juror.  (Index of Grants, Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina. pg. 72.  Courtesy of Mary Harkey Russell)

(19) 15 July 1772, Stephen Jackson to (assemble) crew to lay out road.  (Index of Grants, Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina. pg. 79.  Courtesy of Mary Harkey Russell)

(20) 16 Oct 1772, Stephen Jackson to (assemble) crew to lay out road.  (Index of Grants, Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina. pg. 82.  Courtesy of Mary Harkey Russell)

(21) 16 Oct 1772, Order Stephen Jackson begin work on road.  (Index of Grants, Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina, pg. 84.  Courtesy of Mary Harkey Russell)

(22) 16 Oct 1772, Robert Jarman to Stephen Jackson Deed Proved by Geo. Wilson.  (Index of Grants, Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina. pg. 84.  Courtesy of Mary Harkey Russell)

(23) 1773, Account of Chas. Medlock, guardian to orphans of John Hicks, decd. John Husbands, note. Cash pd. Mrs. Kershaw, Stephen Jackson, Elisha Parker, William Speed, William Hicks, Morgan Brown, Robert Thomas, Hunt & Tanney (?), William Haney, Wm Pickett, Sheriff. Andr. Gibson. Vouchers all destroyed by "British and Toryes." Michael Auld, Clk.  (Anson County, North Carolina Wills and Estates, North Carolina Archives C.R. 005.801.1 page 309:_1773)

(24) July 14, 1774, Order Administrator on Estate of John Jackson Granted to Stephen Jackson exr.  (Index of Grants, Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina. pg. 93.  Courtesy of Mary Harkey Russell)

(25) July 15, 1774, Stephen Jackson juror in trial of John Poston vs. Zachariah Hogan.  (Index of Grants, Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina pg. 84.  Courtesy of Mary Harkey Russell)

(26) Oct 11, 1774, Ordinary license granted David Love, bond by Samuel Snead and Stephen Jackson.  (Index of Grants, Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina. pg. 94.  Courtesy of Mary Harkey Russell)

(27) Oct 15, 1774, Ordered that Mary and Elizabeth Brown, orphans of Stephen Brown deceased, be bound to Morgan Brown till age, and that John Brown, Orphan of Stephen Brown be bound to Stephen Jackson to learn the trade of Blacksmith until of age, now 15 years old.   (Index of Grants, Office of the Secretary of State, Raleigh, North Carolina pg. 97.   Courtesy of Mary Harkey Russell)

(28) Oct 15, 1774, Stephen Jackson was one of seven justices of the County Court, and order that Wm. Rorie be constable in Captain Jackson's district. (pg 78, History of the Old Cheraws, Bishop Alexander Gregg 1867)   [The Captain Jackson referred to here is Captain Benjamin Jackson.]

(29) 1774, The following is the text of a declaration made by the Petit Jurors of the Cheraws District of Craven Co., South Carolina 18 Nov 1774, in response to an edict to the Grand Jury compelling taxation from the British Crown:

"May it please your Honor,
"As your Charge at the opening of the Sessions contained matters of the highest importance to every individual in this Colony, as well as to the Grand Jury, to whom in particular it was delivered, we, the Petit Jury for the District of Cheraw, beg leave to testify our great satisfaction, and to return your Honor our warmest acknowledgments for so constitutional a charge at this alarming crisis, when our liberties are attacked, and our properties invaded by the claim and attempt of the British Parliament to tax us, and by their edicts to bind us in all cases they deem proper; a claim to which we will never submit, and an attempt which we are determined to oppose at the hazard of our lives and property; being fully convinced, that by the Constitution of this Country, we owe obedience to no human laws but such as are enacted with the consent of our Representatives in General Assembly.  These being our fixed sentiments, we would esteem it a particular favor conferred on us, if your Honor would direct your Charge to be printed, the benefit arising from it may be as diffusive as possible, and that it may remain as a pattern of that constitutional language which a Judge should deliver, who is above Ministerial influence, and knows no Master but the Law.
Claudius Pegues, Foreman
William White, William Hardwick, Zachariah Nettles, Benjamin Williamson, Benjamin Rogers, Enoch James, William Hickman, Jacob Bruce, Benjamin Davis, Stephen Jackson, Joseph Parsons."  (History of the Old Cheraws, Bishop Alexander Gregg, 1867)

(30) 29 April 1774, Anson Co. North Carolina, Deed Bk K, pages 297-300, John Donaldson buys 100 acres from Stephen Jackson   (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk K, Pgs 297-300)

(31) 23 June 1774, Stephen Jackson, lands on Thompson Creek in Craven Co., Royal Land Grants of South Carolina, Index I.   (Leonardo Andrea 1949, South Carolina Archives)

(32) 24 Oct 1774, Anson Co., North Carolina, Deed Book K, pg 240--Stephen Jackson, blacksmith, sold to William Blewett for 225 pounds--400 acres—(Anson Co., NC Deed Bk K, Pg 240)

(33) 12 Jul 1775, Pg. 103. 12 July 1775.  Ordered John Knotts be overseer of rd. from Adcocks ferry to Jones Cr.  Hands: George Wilson, John Knotts, Stephen Jackson, Bartholomew Murphey, David Rich, Benj. Carter, James Leslie, John Hornbeck and Robt. Gatewood.  (Abstracts of Early Records, Selected records abstracted by May Wilson McBee, 1950)

(34) 15 Apr 1775, Anson Co. Deeds April 15, 1775, Benjamin Baird to Wm. Thomas, 400 acres on Jones Creek, Rob't Thomas's corner, gr. to Benj. Baird 25 July, 1774.  Wit: Thomas Wade and Stephen Jackson.  (Anson Co. Deeds April 15, 1775)

(35) 28 July 1775, Stephen Jackson, Jr., 100 acres in Craven Co., Royal Land Grants of South Carolina, Index I.  (Leonardo Andrea 1949, South Carolina Archives)

(36) 1775, Resolved, That Mr. John Ashe be allowed four pounds for so much advanced by him to Stephen Jackson, a messenger appointed by the Congress to take and bring in custody James Cotton and others before this Congress.  (Minutes of the Provincial Congress of North Carolina; North Carolina.  Provincial Congress; August 20, 1775 - September 10, 1775; Volume 10, Pages 164-220.  Thursday, September 7th, 1775.) 
http://docsouth.unc.edu/csr/index.html/document/csr10-0089#p10-201

(37) 6 Nov 1777, Stephen Jackson, Exctr of the estate of John Jackson, dec’d of Craven County in the Province of  South Carolina, Planter, of one part and Phebe Jackson of the County of Anson in the Province of North Carolina of the other part.  For the sum of 88 pounds Proclamation Money paid by Phebe Jackson…land situated and being in the County of Anson.  April Court 1778, Stephen Jackson in the presence of John Jackson, Joseph Griffith, Edward Jackson  (Anson Co., Deed Bk K, Pg 517)

(38) 6 Nov 1777, Stephen Jackson, Exctr of the estate of John Jackson, dec’d of Craven Co. in the Province of South Carolina and Jonathan Jackson of Anson County in the Province of North Carolina, Planter.  200 a. for 88 pounds Proclamation money to me in hand, pd by Jonathan Jackson of Anson County.  Apr Court 1778, Stephen Jackson, proved by John Jackson, Esq., in the presence of John Jackson, Joseph Griffith, Edward Jackson.  (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk K, Pg 518)

(39) 1779, Jury List for Cheraws District. Thomas Fail, Thomas Scottwins, Thomas Ellerbee Sr., John Thomas, John Spruel, Joseph Griffith, David Perkins, Matthew Holden, Stephen Jackson, Benjamin Martin, John Shoemake, William Hickman, Jason Meadows, Ephraim Horn, James Holmes.   (The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, SCMAR, Volume V Number 1, Winter, 1977, No 1, p 15)

 (40) 1790, US Census, St Thomas, Cheraws District, South Carolina.  Stephen Jackson, Head of Household, Enumeration:  2 free white males of 16, 4 free white males under 16, 2 white females.  [This enumeration could be Stephen Jackson and one of his sons with wife and children]

(41) 1790, US Census, Anson Co., North Carolina.  Stephen Jackson, Head of Household, Enumeration: 1 free white male under 16, 1 free white male over 16 and 3 free white females.

(42) 23 Jan 1794, Anson Co., North Carolina Deed Book C2 Page 225 - Slave Bill: Stephen Jackson to Ann Kendrick/Hendrick, both of Anson County, North Carolina, for £40, Negro girl Silva, age four or five. /s/ Stephen Jackson. Wit: Jeremiah Martin, Nehemiah "X" Forehand. (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk C2, Pg 225)

(43) 23 Jan 1794, Deed of Gift: Ann Kendrick of Anson County to “my loving children named John Kendrick, Mary and Elizabeth Kendrick one certain Negro girl named Silve that is now five or six years old, an affirm sound country born girl.”  The girl and her increase to be vested in my children and divided equally divided among my said children. /s/ Ann (X) Kendrick. Witness: Jeremiah Martin, Nehemiah (X) Forehand.  (Anson County, NC, Deed Bk C2, pg 233-4)

(44) 23 Jan 1794, Deed: Stephen Jackson to John Kendrick, both of Anson County, for £175 North Carolina money, 200 acres on Talton’s Creek, a branch of Thompson’s Creek…hickory in Benjamin Jackson’s line… crossing the creek… Cammel’s [Campbell’s] line… said Jackson’s line… a tract of land granted to Blundel Curtys [Curtis] 29 March 1780. /s/ Stephen Jackson. Wit: Jeremiah Martin, Nehemiah (X) Forehand.  Acknowledged, January Court 1794.  (Anson County, NC, Deed Bk C2, pg 232)

(45) 22 Dec 1794, Land Entry: Edward Jackson entered 150 acres in Anson County, North Carolina, on the waters of Clay Creek, adjoining John Harnet, James Wimberly, Stephen Jackson, and John Kendrick/Hendrick.  (Pruitt’s North Carolina Land Entries, 107, No. 1639)

(46) 18 July 1795, Anson County, North Carolina Deed Book D Page 44, Stephen Jackson to Ann Kendrick/Hendrick, both of Chesterfield Co., South Carolina, for £20, 60 acres on southwest side of Pee Dee River in Anson County, North Carolina, on a branch of Thompson's Creek, joining Benjamin Jackson and State Line between the Carolinas - a survey for Malcolm Campbell dated 16 Apr. 1773../s/ Stephen Jackson. Wit: Jeremiah Martin, William "X" Edding.  (Anson Co., NC Deed Book D, Pg 44)

(47) 15 Sep 1797, Anson County, North Carolina Deed Book E Page 103, Slave Bill: Stephen Jackson to Ann Kendrick/Hendrick, both of Anson Co., North Carolina, for 150 pounds, slave woman Pat, slave girl Vilet aged about four years... /s/ Stephen Jackson WIT. Malachi Watts, John Goodwin.  (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk E, Page 103)

(48) 14 Sep 1798, Anson County, North Carolina, Deed Book D-E, pg 432,  Stephen Jackson of Chesterfield Co., South Carolina to Ephriam Horne of same, 150 acres lying and being in the County of Anson, State of North Carolina on Clay Creek, a branch of Thompsons Creek.  (From Jack Hendrick: Anson Co., NC Deed Bk D-E, pg 103)

(49) 10 Dec 1798, Anson County, North Carolina Deed Book 37, pg 202, Stephen Jackson enters 500 acres situated on the Head of Deep Creek branch of Thompsons Creek waters of Pee Dee River in Cheraw District of Chesterfield Co., South Carolina that was surveyed for him on 25 May 1798.  (From Jack Hendrick: Anson Co., NC Deed Bk 37. pg 202)

(50) 7 Jan 1799, Anson Co., North Carolina Deed Book 43 page 391, Land Grant to Stephen Jackson, 500 acres in Cheraw District of Chesterfield Co., South Carolina   (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk 43, Pg 391)

(51) 7 Jan 1799, Anson Co., North Carolina Deed Book 45 page 19, Land Grant to Stephen Jackson 325 acres in Cheraw District of Chesterfield Co., South Carolina  (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk 45, Pg 19)

(52) 25 Jun 1800, Deed: Richard Graves, planter, of Chesterfield County, South Carolina, to Ann Kendrick, seamstress, of Anson County, North Carolina, for $20, 125 acres in Anson County on the head of Muddy Creek, adjoining the State Line, Jackson, Graves, and the Camden Road–part of a 200-acre grant to said Graves dated 9 Mar 1799... /s/ Richard “X” Graves. Wit: William Rushing, Stephen Jackson.  (From Jack Hendrick: Anson County, NC, Deed Bk G, Pg 222)

(53) 1800, US Census, Chesterfield Co., South Carolina: Stephen Jackson, Head of Household.
Enumeration: 1 male over 45, 2 females 16-25, 1 female over 45.

(54) 1800, US Census, Chesterfield Co., South Carolina: Stephen Jackson, Jr., Head of Household.
Enumeration:  3 males under 10, 1 male 10-15, 1 male 26-44, 4 females under 10, 1 female 26-44, 1 female over 45.

(55) 1800, US Census, Fayetteville District, Anson Co., North Carolina, Stephen Jackson, Head of Household.
Enumeration: 1 male over 45, one male 10-15, 2 females under 10, 1 female 10-15, 1 female 26-44.

(56) 1804, Laws of North Carolina, Chapter CXXVL. "An act to alter names of the persons therein mention, and to legitamate them. Be enacted by the General Assembly of the State of North Carolina, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same. That the names of William Joyner, Martha Joyner, Sally Joyner, Joseph Joyner, Mary Joyner and Geraldus Joyner, illegitimate children of Joseph Batts and Elizabeth Joyner, of Edgecomb County, be altered and changed to those of William Batts, Martha Batts, Elizabeth Batts, Sally Batts, Joseph Batts, Mary Batts and Geraldus Batts:...And the names of John Kindrick, Polly Kindrick, Betsey Kindrick and Salley Kindrick, natural born children of Stephen Jackson, of Anson County, be altered to the names of John Jackson, Polly Jackson, Betsey Jackson and Salley Jackson..."

(57) 1810, US Census, Chesterfield Co., South Carolina, Stephen Jackson Head of Household.  Enumeration:  2 males under 10, 2 males 10-15, 1 male 16-25, 1 male over 45, 2 females under 10, 1 female 10-15, 1 female 16-25, 1 female over 45.

(58) 1810, US Census, Anson Co., North Carolina, Stephen Jackson, Head of Household, Enumeration: 1 male under 10, 1 male 16-25, 1 male over 45, 1 female 10-15, 1 female over 45

(59) 29 Dec 1810, Anson Co., North Carolina Deed Book O: pg 148, Stephen Jackson and Ann Kendrick to John Jackson-for love and affection for our son-one Negro boy named Simon.  (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk O, Pg 148)

(60) 29 Dec 1810, Anson Co., North Carolina Deed Book O, pg 148 Stephen Jackson to John Jackson-for love and affection I have for my son John-250 acres under the conditions it is to remain in the possession of Stephen Jackson and Ann Kendrick/Hendrick during their natural lives. (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk O, Pg 148)

(61) 25 Dec 1816, Deed: Ann Kendrick/Hendrick to John F. Auld, both of Anson County, for $50, 60 acres in Anson County, on a branch of Thompsons Creek, bounding Benjamin Jackson--surveyed to Malcolm Campbell on 9 Mar 1799... /s/ Ann (X) Kendrick/Hendrick. Wit: D. Crawford, Hannah Crawford. (Anson County, NC, Deed Bk Q, Pg 3, abstracted)

(62) 16 Oct 1817, Anson Co., North Carolina, Deed Book S, pg 99, John Jackson to Stephen Jackson and Nancy Kendrick/Hendrick. (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk S, Pg 99)

(63) 16 Oct 1817, Stephen Jackson and Nancy Kendrick/Hendrick, 450 acres on Tarlton and Cedar Creek branches of Thompson Creek...beginning at a Hickory on Benjamin Jacksons line...from said Stephen Jackson and Nancy Kendrick/Hendrick to said John Jackson...wit John Auld, Daniel McNair, Jesse Jackson.

(64) 1819, September Term of Court, Deed Book Y, pg 609- Stephen Jackson and Nancy Kendrick/Hendrick, Division of Land: Lot #1, Stephen Jackson 200 acres crossing Tarlton Creek; Lot #2 to Nancy Kendrick/Hendrick 221 1/2 acres crossing Tarlton Creek.   (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk Y, Pg 609)

(65) 1820 US Census, Ratcliff, Anson Co., North Carolina, Stephen Jackson Head of Household.  Enumeration: 1 male over 45, 1 female over 45, 1 male under 10, 1 male 10-16, 1 female 10, 1 female 10-16.

(66) 25 Mar 1828, Anson North Carolina Deed Book Y, page 582, - Stephen Jackson to David Crawford - $50 for acres not stated but was first granted to Bluden Curtis - Benjamin Jackson was an adjoining property owner. (Anson Co., NC Deed Bk Y, Pg 582)

(67) 11 Mar 1840, Sheriff’s Sale: By order of the court of ordinary will be held at Chesterfield CH on the first Monday in April next all the real estate of Ann Hendricks, deceased consisting of one tract of land on the Mill branch waters of Deep Creek, containing 130 acres more or less adjoining the lands belonging to Thos. Meador, Wm. Moore, and Charles Hendrick… (Farmer’s Gazette and Cheraw Advertiser, abstract provided by Jack Hendrick)

(68) 12 Oct 1847, Deed: William E. Troy to James H. Ratliff. Land description refers to Anne Kendrick, the old survey by [Malcolm] Campbell, the 1797 grant to Richard Graves, etc. The land being sold was previously owned by Richard Graves and ordered sold in 1842.  (From Jack Hendrick: Anson Co., NC, Deed Bk 12, Pg 291)

(69) 1856, Jackson, Mary, wife of John Field Auld, both of Union Parish, LA., 23 Oct. 1855, appoints James C. Craig of Chesterfield Dist., SC, her attorney to convey to Elizabeth Jackson, wife and widow of Lewis Ganey (late deceased), her interest in the Estate of her mother, Nancy Jackson - all of Chesterfield Dist., SC.   On 23 Apr., 1856, James C. Craig of Chesterfield Dist., SC, as Attorney aforementioned, sells to said Elizabeth Ganey [formerly Elizabeth Crawford] for $600. the interest of said Mary Auld and John F. Auld (in right of his wife) in the Estate of Nancy Kendricks (mother of said Mary Auld) of Anson Co., NC.  (North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal, Vol III, No. 1, pg. 6 Anson Co, NC, Stack File # C.R. 005.928.3)


Stephen Jackson in the Revolutionary War

Captain Stephen Jackson:  From Cheraws District, Upper Craven Co. Regiment 1778-1782, Captain under Major Tristam Thomas, Colonel Abel Kolb (Cheraws District Regiment)
( http://www.carolana.com/SC/Revolution/patriot_military_sc_captains.htm J. D. Lewis, Author)

20 Jun 1780, Battle of Ramsaur’s Mill.  Upper Craven County Regiment detached one Company led by CPT Stephen Jackson.  This Company was attached to the force of COL Francis Locke.  (from a paper written by MAJ William A. Graham, 1904, source: http://www.carolana.com/NC/Revolution/revolution_battle_of_ramseurs_mill.html  J. D. Lewis, Author)

1785, Indent No. 500: Issued 12 April 1785 to Mr. Stephen Jackson for 5 Pounds Sterling; 73 days done in militia in 1782. (Stub Entries to Indents issued in payment of claims against South Carolina by South Carolina Treasury, edited by  A. S. Smalley, Jr.; Secretary of the Historical Commission of South Carolina, 1910.)

Historical Registry of Officers of the Continental Army. By Francis Bernard Heitman. Washington, DC, 1914. (685p.): 316 Stephen Jackson, born 1740, South Carolina, Captain.  (This record could be for another Stephen Jackson of South Carolina as the Stephen Jacksons we are studying was not a Regular Officer as far as we know, but rather was a member of the Militia)

Roster of South Carolina Patriots in the American Revolution, Vol 1, A-J, pg 491, Bobby Gilmer Moss, Limestone College, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 1983.  Three Stephen Jacksons are list in this book:  Stephen Jackson, served as a Private and Cattle Drover in militia, 1780, 1782 and 1783; Stephen Jackson, Captain, served under COL Abel Kolb as Private and was appointed Captain when Captain Joseph Griffith fell ill in 1778, served until end of war; Stephen Jackson, Jr. served as a Private in under COL Abel Kolb 1782.
http://books.google.com/books?id=95vwdfiI67MC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_slider_thumb#v=onepage&q=jackson%2C%20stephen&f=false

DAR File. 94484, VOL 95, pg 150.  Records show Stephen Jackson, Jr.  Married to Tempie Rushing.  Private in 1782, South Carolina Militia.  He lived in Old Cheraws, S. C.; died in Chesterfield District, S. C.

Revolutionary War Pension Applications
Referencing Stephen Jackson

Pension Application R5403, John Hunter of Chesterfield Co., South Carolina, (excerpt of narrative)

“…That he afterwards, but the day month or year he cannot recollect, volunteered for one month under Captain Stephen Jackson (called Killing Stephen Jackson)* ---John Jackson Colonel, that they made their headquarters at the house of the said Colonel John Jackson near the North Carolina line, but whether in Chesterfield District South Carolina or in Anson County North Carolina, he cannot say positively, and scoured the county round about for Tories; that he served out the month for which he had volunteered and returned home.

That afterwards, but the day, month, or year he does not recollect, he was drafted for two months and served under the aforesaid Captain Stephen Jackson, that he does not recollect the names of Captain Jackson’s subultim officers; that they started from Chesterfield District and marched through Camden and joined General Marion at his headquarters in the Swamp between Georgetown and Charleston; that he served out the two months for which he was drafted and returned home; that he was near Georgetown the whole time he was with General Marion as aforesaid; that he never was in any battle or fight during the Revolutionary War; that during the time he was with General Marion as aforesaid, the British near Sullivan’s Island fired their Artillery at them...”

*Inset containing the words “called Killing Stephen Jackson” is in the original handwritten document.

Pension Application S21458, Phillip Rushing of Perry Co., Tennessee, (excerpt of narrative)

“…This declarant entered the service of the United States under Captain John Jackson the declarant being the Ensign of said Company in Anson County in the State of North Carolina from thence marched to Gilbert Town North Carolina from thence to Pleasant Garden at the head of the Catawba from thence into the Indian Nation on the Hiwassee River from thence to the Valley Towns where some of our men were out fowling and the Indians came upon them and killed three of them, one of whose names was Turner he believes from thence was marched home by way of Pleasant Garden declarant served this tour the term of three months as Ensign the declarant thinks this tour was performed in the latter end of the year 1776 but owing to old age he cannot recollect precisely. his Major's name was Davidson Col. David Lane his Col. and General Rutherford [Griffith Rutherford] was his General. This declarant again volunteered under Captain Stephen Jackson in the year 1777 and was employed on the frontiers guarding the property of the Whigs and their lives from the ruthless hands of the Tories and British.

Again in this & he served this year seven months as a volunteer guarding the frontiers—again in the year 1778 he volunteered under the same Captain and was employed on the same service that is ranging along the frontier and served this year nine months as a private in 1779 under the same Captain the declarant served eight months still protecting the frontiers in these several last tours he does not recollect particularly owing to old age and the consequent loss of memory the events of this period of his services as he did not caige [sic, cage?] his memory with minor events but in fact he nearly always was out in the service of his country from the year 1776 up to this time which was 1780 he recollects an anecdote of his Capt that is Capt Jackson that he the Capt usually said that he had killed 19 Tories & that he must kill the 20th before he stopped that is with his own hand—he killed the nineteen…”

Pension Application S21457, Richard Rushing of Perry Co., Tennessee, (excerpt of narrative)

“…This Declarant entered the service of the United States in Anson County North Carolina in the year 1776 under Captain John Jackson [but in consequence of extreme old and loss of memory occasioned thereby he can not with exactness state precisely the different tours and engagements under which he served but to the best of his memory he served as follows] Declarant entered the Service under Capt Jackson as above in the latter end of the year 1776.  Declarant served this three months he was in a skirmish at Drowning Creek when this Declarant's brother William Rushing was wounded of which he shortly afterwards died but not till after we returned home Declarant here lost his horse & swam the creek with his gun in his hand the Whigs here were defeated by the Tories on this expedition he was a volunteer in the year 1777 he served under Capt. Stephen Jackson in different tours not less than nine months. In the year 1778 he served not less than ten months under the same Captain.  In the year 1779 he served under the same he served not less than eight months. In the year 1780 he served not less than six months…”

Pension Application R9377, Hardy Sellers of Anson Co., North Carolina, (excerpt of narrative)

“…and in the same year that Gen. Gates [Horatio Gates] was defeated I was a volunteer to serve three months. Marched under Capt. Stephen Jackson to Lynches Creek against the British and Tories then from place to place until discharged by our officers. Served three months in actual services - after the above service we were all laid off into divisions first second and third and so on and each division was to serve as it come to his turn. The tours was to be a month at a time. I served two tours of division service with Capt. Griffy [sic] Griffith under Gen. Marion. Marched up and down Santee River after the British and Tories until discharged.  Served two months and was discharged by our officers - Also I served two tours of a month in each tour with Capt. Jackson under Gen. Marion in pursuit of British and Tories also two tours with Lieutenant Jones and two tours with Lieutenant Charles Jackson of Division Service under Gen. Marion making in all my service so far as I can recollect a period of sixteen months for which I claim a pension but it is far short of all my services rendered the United States during the Revolutionary War as I was called out after the company was laid off in divisions to march under Gen. Marion it is impossible for me to make any further statement at present - I have no papers to prove any services nor do I know of any person now living by whom I could prove my services except one man and he turned a Tory after we had served together one tour.  I could not think of making use of his testimony…”

Pension Application R5522, Nancy Jackson widow of Stephen Jackson, Humphreys Co., Tennessee (Full Text)

Declaration of Stephen Jackson (Revolutionary War Pension Application) Nancy Jackson, Widow of Stephen Jackson State of Tennessee, Humphreys County, On This Fifteenth day of June one thousand eight hundred and forty personally appeared before me William McCasland an acting Justice of the Peace for the said County, Nancy Jackson a resident of Tennessee and County of Humphreys, aged 86, eighty-six years, who being first duly sworn according to law, doth on her oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed July 4th 1836; that she is the widow of Stephen Jackson deceased who was a militiaman in the service of the United States and that the aforesaid Stephen Jackson entered into the service in the Spring of the year of 1777 in South Carolina having been drafted and sent on a tour of duty to Charleston in South Carolina (name of the Captain or Regiment not recollected) some time in the same year he was again called on and performed a second tour of duty at Charleston (officers not recollected) and returned home, just before the defeat of Gen. Gates at Camden, after said defeat the aforesaid Stephen Jackson together with many others fled from South Carolina with their families, and sought protection in North Carolina in the month of August in the above date, the aforesaid Stephen Jackson together with many others returned to South Carolina in pursuit of the Tories, and continued to serve until near Christmas of the same date. Sometime in the year of 1778, Captain Joseph Griffy [sic] Griffith from being disabled, became unable to perform his duty incumbent upon him as Captain, and the aforesaid Stephen Jackson was appointed in his stead as Captain of a Company and acted in that capacity until the seize of York and surrender of Cornwallis in 1781. Having been during the time of the aforesaid service in many parts of South Carolina in a part of North Carolina in many skirmishes with British and Tories at the battle at Ramsaur’s Mills and many other places this statement having been made to the deponent by her husband the aforesaid Stephen Jackson deceased, and after surrender of Cornwallis, the aforesaid Stephen Jackson was honorable discharged by Gen. Green, which discharge is lost or mislaid so that the same cannot be obtained. Deponent further states that agreeable to the best of her recollection, that her husband the aforesaid Stephen Jackson was again commissioned as Captain by Gen. Green to aid in the supervision of the Tories in South Carolina, and that the aforesaid Stephen Jackson did faithfully act the part assigned him until the consummation of the definitive treaty of peace in the year 1783. She further declares that she was married to the aforesaid Stephen Jackson on the 16 day of February 1771 in the State of South Carolina and that her husband the aforesaid Stephen Jackson died in South Carolina on the 10th day of September 1832 and that she has remained a widow ever since that period, as will more fully appears by reference to the proof hereto annexed. Sworn to and subscribed on the day and year above written before the word Jackson interlined before assigned attest her William Leaz, Nancy x Jackson (mark), William McCasland, JP

The above deponent Nancy Jackson not knowing how long her husband the aforesaid Stephen Jackson was in the service of the United States has in order to amend her declaration made the following affidavit.  Personally appeared before me the undersigned Justice of the Peace for said County Nancy Jackson who being duly sworn according to law deposeth and saith, that by reason of old age, and consequent loss of memory she cannot swear positively as to the precise length of the service of her husband the aforesaid Stephen Jackson, but according to the best of her recollection, after so long a lapse of time, that he served faithfully for the term of five years and for such service I claim a pension.  She hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declares that she further declares that she does not know of any person by whom she can prove the services of her husband the aforesaid Stephen Jackson.

Sworn to and subscribed on the day and year above written. William Leaz,
her Nancy x Jackson mark
William McCasland State of Tennessee, County of Humphreys

Statement of Abel Jackson On this 6th day of February in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty four personally before me an acting Justice of the Peace, duly appointed and commissioned, Abel Jackson aged about 68 years appeared who being duly sworn days that he is the son of Stephen and Nancy Jackson late of County and State aforesaid and that he was born in the month of August 1786. That he had a brother named William who was ten years older than himself, who is now dead, and that there were two children older than this said brother William, both of whom died during the War of the Revolution, as he has always heard from his parents during their lifetime. That his mother Nancy Jackson applied for a pension under the Act of Congress of 4th of July 1836, during her lifetime but that she died before receiving it to wit on the 9th day of May in the year 1843 and not in the year 1853, as erroneously and by mistake written in his affidavit of the 5th of December 1853. ..

his mark Abel x Jackson

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 6th day of February in the year 1854 and I do hereby certify that Abel Jackson who has sworn and signed the above is a man of truth and credibility and that his statements are entitled to full faith and credit. in testimony whereof I have here unto set my hand and seal the day and year last above written. William Hendrey JP (seal)

[Both the application of Nancy Cook Jackson in 1840, her son Abel Jackson’s petition for redress and review were declined for Pension based upon the service of Captain Stephen Jackson.  The answer to Abel Jackson’s petition is shown below.]

5 Jul 1854, The Committee on Pensions, to whom was referred the petition of the heir of Stephen Jackson, a revolutionary soldier, beg leave to report:

That, upon a careful examination of the papers referred with the petition, they fully concur in the views expressed in the appended letter of the Commissioner of Pensions. The testimony in the case is of a fugitive and unreliable character, and evidently refers to the service of three different men. The probability is that the father of the petitioner did render some service, in some capacity, during the war of the revolution; but, from the papers filed in the case, it is impossible to determine the period or character of that service. In a case which the widow, when living, utterly failed to make out, and which has only become more confused in the hands of the heir-at-law, the committee can see no possible reason for overruling the just decision of the proper executive officer.  The heir failed to find anything in the case calling for the interference of the legislative branch of the government, and they recommend, unanimously, that the prayer of the petitioner be rejected.

Pension Office, July 5, 1854IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES.  March 31, 1856.—Submitted and ordered to be printed.

(Reports of Committees of the Senate of the United States, First Session of the Thirty-Fourth Congress, 1855-1856) Source:
 http://books.google.com/books?id=k6cFAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q=&f=false

Killing Stephen Jackson

For those who believe that the Stephen Jackson mentioned by Bernette Burch as the father of Henry A. Jackson  is Killing Stephen, we will have to discount the entire sworn statement of Nancy Cook Jackson, wife of Stephen Jackson and mother of Abel Jackson.  It is true that her application was flawed in some ways and never approved.  The appeal by her son Abel was denied as well.  Perhaps, the reviewers knew something that we are missing.  Perhaps Nancy was delusional; she was quite aged at the time of her statement.  Her son Abel was not born until after the war was over and would have no direct knowledge of the actions or service of his father.  He would only know what was told to him by his parents.  I think the reviewers were actually going through the same thing we are going through today.  The statement of the Chairman of the Review Committee tells the story:  The Committee on Pensions…”The testimony in the case is of a fugitive and unreliable character, and evidently refers to the service of three different men. The probability is that the father of the petitioner did render some service, in some capacity, during the war of the revolution; but, from the papers filed in the case, it is impossible to determine the period or character of that service. In a case which the widow, when living, utterly failed to make out, and which has only become more confused in the hands of the heir-at-law, the committee can see no possible reason for overruling the just decision of the proper executive officer.”

It is established fact that a Private Stephen Jackson was promoted to CPT after CPT Joseph Griffith was incapacitated (whether he fell ill or was wounded, I don’t know).  This occurred in late 1777 or 1778.  It is also true that this CPT Stephen Jackson served under COL Abel Kolb and COL Benton as well as GEN Francis Marion and was detached from the Upper Craven Regiment with a company of men and attached to a Task Force Commanded by COL Francis Locke at the Battle of Ramseur's Mill in Tryon County, North Carolina.  It is also true that this CPT Stephen Jackson is in fact Killing Stephen according to the sworn statement of PVT John Hunter of Chesterfield Co., South Carolina.  This fact is further supported by ESN Philip Rushing in his sworn statement.  In fact the service record stated by Nancy Cook Jackson is substantiated by the statements of PVT John Hunter, ESN Philip Rushing and PVT Richard Rushing.  PVT John Hunter named CPT Stephen Jackson as Killing Stephen and ESN Philip Rushing related the story of the number of Tories killed by CPT Stephen Jackson.  What is missing here is the fact that none of these men confirm that the husband of Nancy Cook Jackson was Killing Stephen.  They all confirm that Stephen Jackson was a Captain and served under Kolb, Benton and Marion in the South Carolina Militia.  Based upon the statements of the three soldiers, we can say with confidence the Stephen Jackson who was a Captain in the Upper Craven County, South Carolina Militia is Killing Stephen.

We have the writings of Bishop Alexander Gregg in his book, "The History of the Old Cheraws" who identifies two Stephen Jacksons in the service of the South Carolina Militia.  He does not name either one as Killing Stephen.  He does acknowledge that a Stephen Jackson served in the South Carolina Militia and held the rank of Captain, but comes up short of naming or identifying exactly which Stephen Jackson was Killing Stephen.  It is my opinion that the husband of Nancy Cook and father of Abel Jackson is the Revolutionary War hero known as Killing Stephen.  It is my opinion that had the Pension Commission had the same information that was presented above they would have approved the request of Nancy Cook Jackson for pension based upon her husband’s service.

Stephen Jackson b. 1717

I think the 1740 through the mid to late 1770’s records shown above may be those of Stephen Jackson, b. 1717, brother of Benjamin Jackson.  It would appear that stories of two Jackson brothers migrating from New York to the frontier of North Carolina are true.  Migration patterns in those days would have taken the brothers through Virginia to Edgecombe Co., North Carolina where the first records of the two are found.  Based upon early records of other families who settled in the southern Anson Co., North Carolina area that eventually became part of Craven Co., South Carolina, these Jackson brothers no doubt traveled with and were associated with the Abraham Paul family, originally of Virginia as well as the Rushing family of Virginia.  Both of these families passed through Edgecombe Co., North Carolina during the same time period and eventually settled in the same area as did the Jackson brothers.  Nothing has been found regarding children of this Stephen Jackson.   There are many records from Edgecombe and Anson Counties that may be attributed to this Stephen Jackson. 

Stephen Jackson b. est 1730

According to Bernette Burch, a Stephen Jackson, father of Henry A. Jackson moved to this portion of South Carolina from Virginia prior to the Revolution, which would be prior to 1776.  Based upon the probable birth year of Henry A. Jackson derived from 1800 and 1810 census records of 1766-1784, this Stephen could have been born by 1745 or earlier.  With this in mind, this Stephen Jackson would have been of age by 1765 or earlier and some of the records that could be attributed to Stephen Jackson, b. 1717 could also be attributed to this Stephen Jackson.  He was described in an article written to honor COL Stephen Jackson, 1808-1887, as being the grandfather of COL Jackson.  “The deceased was the son of Henry Jackson, and a grandson of Stephen Jackson of Revolutionary fame, who moved from Virginia to South Carolina before the Revolution of 1776.”  (The Cheraw Reporter, 22 November 1887).  Some researchers have assumed that this Stephen was Killing Stephen based upon the previous statement, but I don’t think he was Killing Stephen as he apparently was not a Captain in the Militia or Regular Service as no records can be identified to support this notion.   This Stephen Jackson, according to Burch, was born in Ireland and was thought to be a distant kinsman of President Andrew Jackson from neighboring Lancaster Co., South Carolina. 

PVT Stephen Jackson, Jr., b. 1756-1759

This Stephen Jackson was set apart from the other Stephen Jacksons apparently by age or possibly by being a son of a senior Stephen Jackson.  The records 35 and 54 show him as Stephen Jackson, Jr.  No records have been found to tie this Stephen Jackson to any of the other Stephen Jacksons of the area.  We know through Daughters of the Revolution (DAR) files that this Stephen Jackson was a Private in the Upper Craven County Regiment, South Carolina Militia and served under COL Kolb in the Revolutionary War.  This file identifies one of his daughters and his wife.  He was married to Temperance Rushing.  Internet files show this Stephen had a son, Stephen, a son, John and a daughter, Ann, the balance of the children are unknown. 

Conclusions

Margaret Frasier and Elizabeth Goins both descendants of COL Stephen Jackson, along with Jane Kimble and I participated in an open discussion and exchange of opinions regarding the various Stephen Jacksons of the Cheraws area over the course of a few weeks.  The earlier records could be attributed to Stephen Jackson, 1717.  The balance of the records can in some cases be assigned to a particular Stephen Jackson, but attempting to sort out and assign most of the records would only be speculation.  I decided to not attempt an assignment of records.  We came to the following conclusion:

We believe there were four Stephen Jacksons in the Cheraws area before 1800: 

        Stephen, b 1717, brother of Benjamin

        Stephen, b ca 1750-1755, son of Benjamin is CPT Stephen Jackson, aka Killing Stephen

        Stephen, b ca 1730, father of Henry A. Jackson

        Stephen Jackson, Jr., b ca 1756-1759, relationship to others is unknown

We would welcome any input or additional information pertaining to these Stephen Jacksons.  We are interested in anyone’s opinion, pro or con to our conclusions.  Please e-mail Bob Mitchell with your questions, comments or  corrections.

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The above study contributed and copyright by Bob Mitchell 2010, all rights reserved.  This site owned by Janie Jackson Kimble.  You are welcome to use any of this information for your personal use, but it may not be copied, uploaded on any web site, or used for commercial use in any form.  This page was last updated October 8, 2010.