1. Robert Jackson-554
It is highly recommended that the viewer read the article concerning Robert's wives by Harry Macy!! A copy of this article may be found here: http://www.jacksonfamilygenealogy.com/pages/conflictingdatarobertjackson.htm.
According to Colonial Families of America, Vol. 7, National Americana Society (New York, 1930), Robert's father was Richard Jackson, born in 1582. He came from England to America as early as 1640 and held a grant of land and deed in Southhold, Massachusetts, but sold it. It is not known where Richard finally settled. He died in 1672. His (Richard's) first wife hasn't been identified, but his second wife was the widow of Robert Brown.
Robert's birth location is taken from a book which tells of his father Richard's participation in the Separatist movement in England. During that time it was an offense punishable by jail for not attending or paying tithes to the Church of England. There was a growing number of people in the Scrooby area that became so unhappy with the oppressive church rules and laws that they were willing to give up their middle class homes and lands in order to form a more suitable community together elsewhere. But it was also against the law to leave England and they had many struggles to get first to Holland where there was more religious freedom. Shortly after that, the group then gathered themselves together and with their minister Rev Denton, came to 'New Plymouth'. No record has been found of Robert's passage to America but he certainly came with his father with this group. The name of the book is "Collections Concerning the Church or Congregation of Protestant Separatists Formed at Scrooby" by Rev. Joseph Hunter, pub John Russell Smith, London, 1854, pgs 128, 131. It is available for viewing and downloading by googling the name of the book.
Quote from Jackson Ledger at HCPD: "Robert left England with John Winthrop 1630-31 but which Winthrop is not known. He was said to be of Scotch-Irish ancestry. He was our immigrant ancestor." (This reference to being Scotch crops up in occasional references, but I have not been able to discover the source of that info and it appears unsubstantiated.)
Quote fr website:www.rootsweb.com/~njmorris/rockawayrecords/jackson.htm: "Tradition has it that Robert Jackson came from Watertown, Mass. to Whethersfield, CT., from thence to Hartford, CT., and from thence to Hempstead in 1643 which perhaps was the first English settlement in the western part of Long Island."
Quote fr Rockaway Library document: "Robert Jackson...a founder of Hempstead, Long Island in 1643". That quote is not technically correct. A Jackson genealogist, Frank Jackson, has told me that Robert "was one of 50-55 proprietors who created the settlement. John Carman and Robert Fordham negotiated a purchase of land for the Hempstead settlement with the local Indians and if any may be said to have 'founded' Hempstead, it would be those two. Robert Jackson and Capt. John Seaman were two of the largest landholders. Richard Denton was the Presbyterian religious leader of the group."
Quote from O. B. Robbins' book "History of the Jackson Family of Hempstead..." pg 24. He is quoting a pamphlet written in 1883: "The settlers of Hempstead are supposed to have come from England with the New Haven Colony under the leadership of Gov. John Winthrop and Sir Richard Saltenstall, and before coming to Long Island in 1644, had previously settled at Watertown, Mass., and Weathersfield and Stamford, Conn. They were accompanied by their minister, Rev. Richard Denton, a graduate of Cambridge, who came with them from England. The name of the settlement is said to be from Hemel Hempstead, in Hertfordshire, whence they originally came."
Quote fr "History of the Jackson Family of Hempstead..." by O. B. Robbins: "Following is a copy of a record written by Chalon Lemuel Jackson: 'Robert Jackson born in Scotland in 1621, came to Boston, drifted south through Connecticut and Rhode Island into Long Island, laid out the City of Hempstead..."
Robert's father Richard owned a tract of land at Southold as early as 1640. (Mary P. Bunker, "Long Island Genealogies" (Albany, 1895), P. 220)
quote from http://22.214.171.124/qt/archive/files/1609.htm:
Coming around the circle to Rustdorp or Jamaica, which was bought of the Indians in 1656 by Robert Jackson and the three Townsend brothers and others of Hempstead, the site of the plantation to be "neare unto ye bever pond."
From Bill White, "In 1656, Robert Jackson and others wished to improve their labors, (Jacqueline Overton, Long Island Story, New York, 1929, p. 46) and applied to the Dutch Council for permission to begin plantations toward Carnarsie and Jamaica. They also applied to Governor Stuyvesant for more liberty and for representative government."
From Don Norman's file: "After the Dutch surrender to the English on August 27, 1664, the colony was renamed New York. Governor Nichol called a convention of two delegates from each Long Island town to frame a code of laws to govern the colony. This convention was held at Hempstead February 28, 1665, with Robert Jackson and John Hicks representing Hempstead. The code of laws [Duke's laws] written at this convention remained in force until after the Revolution. Robert's will, dated May 25, 1683 and proved October 13, 1685, is found in Will book A in Queens County, NY."
Quote from Long Island Genealogies, Bunker, pg 338, "Robert Jackson's Will dated 1683 says wife Agnes, was a dau of William and Jane Washburn." [but this is not correct! See transcription of Robert's Will on this site Table of Contents: Wills.]
From Genealogy of the FOWLERS in England and America by Wharton Dickinson
"Page 22: JOSEPH FOWLER, was b. in Dalbury Lees, in Derbyshire, before 1610; .... He and his brother Richard came to New England about 1650, and are said to have first located in Rhode Island. There may be some probability in this statement as most of the early settlers of Newton, Flushing, Hempstead and Oyster Bay were from that Colony. He was in Maspeth Kill, now Newtown (Riker's Newtown, p.38), in 1655; taxed £1 in 1656 for 20 acres at Middlebury; Dec, 12, 1657, he signed the remonstrance to the Governor of New York, protesting against the injustice to the Quakers. In the Town Records of Newtown, Book I, p.452, is a deed from Joseph Fowler of Maspeth Kills to Robert Jackson of Hempstead for 40 acres at Middlebury, which the said Fowler purchased from his brother-in-law Richard Betts; said deed is dated April 10, 1660."
Page 437 of "The Annals of Newtown in Queens County, New York, Containing Its History from its First Settlement" we find that Robert Jackson and John Jackson were recorded as freeholders of Newtown on Dec. 4, 1666.
For a historical perspective on New Netherland and of the Dutch influence during this early time, see Wikipedia article here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Netherland#English_incursions
Quote from Jacob Milton Bergen, Sr. Family of Long Island, New York, by William Swayer Bergen, Appendix D, pg 282:
"Robert settled in Stamford in 1640. They left with others and moved to Hempstead in 1644 under the Dutch rule. There they were granted patents for land by Gov. Kiefe 16 Nov 1644. From there, he was a settler of Jamaica LI, NY in 1656. He moved back to Hempstead in 1658 where lands were granted to him. He was appointed a constable in 1671."
The Jan/Feb, 2011 issue of the DAR Newsletter has a home (pictured) built by Robert:
"Built c. 1644 by Robert Jackson, who was one of the founding fathers of the Town of Hempstead, served as Magistrate of the Township. He later was elected a delegate to the Duke's Laws Convention in 1665. The laws formulated by this august body became the basis for many legal codes later established throughout the country. The original portion of the house was c. 1644. The main house was added c. 1785. In 1858, an existing house in Wantagh was moved to the site and combined with the 1785 structure."
It is recorded at Find-a-Grave that Robert was buried at the Old Jackson Family Graveyard, Jerusalem, Queens County (which is now Wantagh, Nassau County) though no tombstone is found there. Most of the old stones are gone or so worn to be illegible. Memorial# 80750689
Will of Robert Jackson (162?-1684)
Proved October 13, 1685
(Recorded in the first book of Records, Queens County, Long Island, New York)
In the Name of God Amen
The twenty-fifth day of May Anno Domini, One Thousand Six Hundred Eighty-Three, I Robert Jackson, of Hemstead [sic] in the North Riding of Yorkshire upon Long Island in the Province of New York, in America, being in perfect mind and memory, thanks be given to Almighty God, and considering with myself the frailty and uncertainty of the mortal life, and that it becometh every man before his departure out of this life, to set in order all his earthly things, so that after his decease no suite, trouble or controversy may ensue for the same. Therefore being well advised that a work I now have in hand, do make and declare this to be my last will and testament, in measure and form following:
First and principally, I commend my soul into the hands of the Almighty God that gave it, and my body to the Earth whereof it was framed, to be decently buried, according to the discretion of my son and heir, John Jackson.
And for my worldly estate which God hath endued me withall, I give, bequeath and dispose as followeth, - I do give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Agnes, six cows two oxen, one horse, and one mare, two three year old cow kind, and four two year olds, and two yearlings. Also, I give unto her all such household goods as are left in the house which she brought with her. Likewise I give and bequeath unto my said wife, two of my lessor sort of brass kettles to add to hers, which are left in the house, which she brought with her. Also I give and bequeath unto her four of my pewter dishes, with four plates and four poringers and my lessor flagon, and one of my pewter tankards, to add to her pewter, that is left in the house, which she brought with her. Also I give and bequeath unto her one of my feather beds with a bolster and pillows, together with a pair of sheets and a pair of blankets, and a rugge, and the curtains that hangs around my bedd to add to her bedding which is left in the house, which she brought with her. Furthermore I give and bequeath unto my said wife five pounds in silver money, and fifty yards of linen cloth, some of one sort, and some of another, such as in the house is. Also to add to her clothing I give her one piece of searge.
Item. I give unto her two swine, also ten bushels of wheat to be paid yearly for the term of five years, provided that she lives unmarried, or unburied so long, but if she be either married or buried, then the said wheat shall cease to be to her, or to any on her account. Also I do allow her to live in my new dwelling house, so long as she lived unmarried or unburied, and that she have half the house lot next to George Hewlet, so long as she remains unmarried or unburied, but if she marry or is buried, then I will that half of the said house lot return to my son John. Also I give and bequeath unto her some wooden vessels, and so I cease giving to her.
Item. I give and bequeath unto my son Samuel Jackson, five mares, and my Cloake and five pounds in silver money and to his wife a hood and scarfe, and to every one of his children a piece of eight (1/2 Joe, Gold $8.00)
Item. I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarah, the wife of Nathaniel Moore, two cows, and every one of her children a piece of eight ($8.00)
Item. I do give and bequeath unto Nathaniel Cole, Junior, the son of my daughter Martha deceased, two cows, and if any one come to inquire for a portion for my daughter Martha deceased, I bequeath unto him five shillings.
Item. I do make, ordain and appoint my son John Jackson, my son and heir, to be my sole Executor and Administrator, of this my last will and testament, and I do hereby give him full power to administer upon all my estate within doors and without, immediately after my decease, lest it be embezzled away. And I do bind and oblige my son John to pay all the legacies which I have herein bequeathed, and what is left after the said legacies are paid and discharged of my proper estate at my decease, I give and bequeath wholly to my son John Jackson and his children.
In witness whereof I the said Robert Jackson have hereunto putt my hand and seale the day and year above written.
(His signature) Robert Jackson
Signed and sealed in presence of John Carmen, John Smith, Samuel Embree, Joseph Smith, Queens County. At a County Court, or Court of Sessions held for the said County, October the thirteenth, one thousand six hundred eighty and five, the Will of Robert Jackson deceased proved by the oath of Samuel Embree and Joseph Smith of Hemstead. Wells (Mills) or Nicholls.
This Will was transcribed from Oscar Burton Robbin's book History of the Jackson Family, page 2.
Nothing is known about Robert's first wife, the mother of his three oldest children. Harry Macy's article (in Conflicting Data section on this site) says that it is unlikely William Washburn's daughter would have been old enough to have these children; therefore, combined with the court testimony, convinces him that Robert had a wife before Miss Washburn, that we know nothing about.
4. Samuel Jackson-557
Little is known about Samuel, only that he is mentioned in his father's Will.
Miss Washburn, married to Robert Jackson is mentioned in court testimony regarding her father's Will. Robert Jackson "protested against the said will on behalf of his DECEASED wife and two female children, that are now living, had by the daughter of the aforesaid testator."
See article by Harry Macy in the Conflicting Data section.
7. Daughter Jackson-5787
From Mr. Harry Macy's article, page 10: "This child must have died unmarried (or without children) before her father made his will in 1683. (It might also be argued that the phrase "two female children now living" implies that there was at least one other child by Miss Washburn who had died by 1659.)
Agnes (widow) Puddington-4128
From R. G. Clarke at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~rclarke/
Agnes Puddington/Jackson (Rn=56837)
b: ~1615 at Devonshire, England
Residence: 1 Devonshire, England
Residence: 2 Portsmouth, NH in Feb 1655
Residence: 3 Middelburg (Newtown), New Netherlands in 1657
Residence: 4 Hempstead New Netherlands in 1660
m: to Robert Puddington (Rn=56838)
rm: to Robert Jackson (Rn=5022) 10 Apr 1660 at Maspeth Kills, Newtown, New Netherlands
Note: 1 Emigrant from England to Portsmouth, NH.
Source: 1 Record: Jan 2000 pg 3